Occupational Therapy

An occupational therapist, often referred to as an OT, is a healthcare professional that focuses on developing, recovering, or maintaining the daily living and working skills of people with physical, mental, or cognitive impairments.

Their aim is to help people improve their ability to function as independently as possible so that they can participate in whatever activities are meaningful and important to them. They will do this for the different environments that the person is likely to go to. Occupational therapists do this mainly by identifying and eliminating environmental barriers to independence and participation in normal daily life.

There are a number of ways that they can do this:

Aids and Adaptions:

  • Support people with disabilities to choose and use special equipment like wheelchairs and aids for mobility, eating, dressing or any other activity that the person needs support with.
  • Help to adapt people’s homes and workplaces to accommodate their individual needs to enable them to be as independent as they can be.

Developing Skills

  • Help their clients to improve basic skills
  • Improving motor functions or reasoning abilities so that they can perform essential activities like dressing, cooking or work and leisure activities like using a computer.
  • Developing physical exercises to improve strength or dexterity.
  • Supporting with mental exercises to overcome difficulties with memory.
  • Designing special exercises to help overcome sensory or communication problems.

Modifying Tasks

  • They can help people by designing new ways for them to perform the tasks.
  • They can advise people on alternative methods, techniques or tools they can use to achieve what they want to achieve.
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